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Support and Updates for Bernese GPS Software Version 5.0: Bug Fixes, Patches, Products, Documents, and Training Courses




Bernese GPS Software Version 5.0: What Is It and How to Download It?




If you are interested in geodesy, meteorology, or geosciences, you may have heard of Bernese GPS software, a scientific, high-precision, multi-GNSS data processing software developed at the Astronomical Institute of the University of Bern (AIUB). It is used by many institutions around the world for various applications involving global and regional navigational satellite systems (GNSS), such as GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, BeiDou, QZSS.




bernese gps software version 5.0 download



In this article, we will introduce you to Bernese GPS software version 5.0, one of the previous versions of this software that is still available for download and use. We will explain what are its features and benefits, how it compares with other GPS software systems, how you can download it from the official website or other sources, and how you can use it for your own purposes. We will also provide some support and updates information, as well as answer some frequently asked questions about Bernese GPS software version 5.0.


So, let's get started!


What Is Bernese GPS Software?




Bernese GPS software is a software system designed for the high-precision analysis of GNSS data. It was originally developed in the late 1980s at AIUB, and has since been continuously improved and updated to keep up with the latest developments and standards in GNSS technology and science.


Bernese GPS software is mainly used for geodetic applications, such as determining precise coordinates of GNSS stations, estimating station velocities and crustal deformations, monitoring the Earth's rotation and polar motion, deriving global and regional reference frames, and studying the Earth's gravity field and atmosphere. It can also be used for meteorological applications, such as deriving tropospheric delays and water vapor content from GNSS observations, or for geophysical applications, such as detecting seismic signals or mass variations from GNSS data.


Bernese GPS software is widely recognized as one of the most accurate and reliable GNSS data processing software systems in the world. It is used by many national and international agencies and organizations, such as the International GNSS Service (IGS), the European Reference Frame (EUREF), the International Association of Geodesy (IAG), the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service (IERS), the International VLBI Service for Geodesy and Astrometry (IVS), the International DORIS Service (IDS), the International Laser Ranging Service (ILRS), the Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS), and many others.


The current version of Bernese GPS software is version 5.4, which was released in December 2020. It supports all major GNSS constellations (GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, BeiDou, QZSS) and signals (L1, L2, L5, E1, E5a, E5b, B1, B2, B3), and implements the latest IGS/IERS conventions and file formats. It also offers many new features and enhancements, such as multi-GNSS capability, enhanced satellite orbit modelling, ambiguity resolution for PPP, support of latest IGS/IERS conventions and file formats, etc.


Features and Highlights of Bernese GPS Software Version 5.4




Bernese GPS software version 5.4 is the most advanced and comprehensive version of this software system to date. It offers many features and highlights that make it stand out from other GPS software systems. Here are some of them:


  • Multi-GNSS capability: Bernese GPS software version 5.4 can process data from all major GNSS constellations (GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, BeiDou, QZSS) and signals (L1, L2, L5, E1, E5a, E5b, B1, B2, B3). This allows for more accurate and robust solutions, especially in challenging environments or regions with limited GNSS coverage.



  • Enhanced satellite orbit modelling: Bernese GPS software version 5.4 can model satellite orbits using different approaches: broadcast ephemerides (BRDC), precise ephemerides (SP3), or reduced-dynamic orbit determination (RDO). It can also account for various orbit perturbations (Earth tides, ocean tides, solar radiation pressure, etc.). It can also estimate satellite clock corrections and antenna phase center variations.



  • Ambiguity resolution for PPP: Bernese GPS software version 5.4 can resolve integer ambiguities for precise point positioning (PPP) using the wide-lane and narrow-lane combinations of multi-frequency GNSS data. This can improve the accuracy and convergence time of PPP solutions, especially for kinematic applications.



  • Support of latest IGS/IERS conventions and file formats: Bernese GPS software version 5.4 can handle the latest standards and recommendations from the International GNSS Service (IGS) and the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service (IERS), such as the IGS14 reference frame, the IGS08 antenna phase center model, the IGS real-time service (RTS), the IERS 2010 conventions, the SINEX 2.0 file format, etc.



  • GUI and BPE interfaces: Bernese GPS software version 5.4 can be operated via two different interfaces: a graphical user interface (GUI) or a command-line interface (BPE). The GUI allows for easy and intuitive access to all programs and options, while the BPE allows for flexible and automated batch processing of large data sets.



  • Integrated help system: Bernese GPS software version 5.4 has an integrated help system that provides detailed information and guidance for all programs and options. It also includes a comprehensive user manual, a tutorial, and several example data sets.



Comparison of Bernese GPS Software with Other GPS Software Systems




Bernese GPS software is not the only GPS software system available in the market. There are other popular GPS software systems, such as GIPSY/OASIS II, GAMIT/GLOBK, RTKLIB, etc. How does Bernese GPS software compare with them? Here are some points of comparison:


GPS Software System


Developer


Main Features


Advantages


Disadvantages


Bernese GPS software


AIUB


- Multi-GNSS capability- Enhanced satellite orbit modelling- Ambiguity resolution for PPP- Support of latest IGS/IERS conventions and file formats- GUI and BPE interfaces- Integrated help system


- High accuracy and reliability- Wide range of applications- Continuous improvement and update- User-friendly and flexible- Comprehensive documentation and support


- High hardware and software requirements- High license fee- Steep learning curve- Complex installation procedure


GIPSY/OASIS II


NASA JPL


- Precise orbit determination (POD)- Precise point positioning (PPP)- Integer ambiguity resolution (IAR)- Real-time kinematic (RTK)- Global Kalman filter (GKF)


- High accuracy and reliability- Wide range of applications- Continuous improvement and update- User-friendly and flexible- Free for academic use


- High hardware and software requirements- Complex installation procedure- Limited documentation and support- No GUI interface



GAMIT/GLOBK


MIT, SIO, and Harvard


- Baseline or network processing- Ambiguity resolution (AR)- Global Kalman filter (GKF)- Tropospheric estimation- Atmospheric loading correction


- High accuracy and reliability- Wide range of applications- Continuous improvement and update- User-friendly and flexible- Free for academic use


- High hardware and software requirements- Complex installation procedure- Limited documentation and support- No GUI interface- No multi-GNSS capability


RTKLIB


Tomoji Takasu


- Real-time kinematic (RTK)- Precise point positioning (PPP)- Post-processing kinematic (PPK)- Single or dual frequency processing- RINEX converter


- Low hardware and software requirements- Easy installation procedure- Free and open source- GUI interface- Multi-GNSS capability


- Low accuracy and reliability- Limited range of applications- No continuous improvement and update- No documentation and support- No satellite orbit modelling


As you can see, each GPS software system has its own strengths and weaknesses, depending on the purpose and preference of the user. However, Bernese GPS software is generally considered to be one of the best options for high-precision GNSS data processing, especially for geodetic applications.


How to Download Bernese GPS Software Version 5.0?




If you are interested in using Bernese GPS software version 5.0 for your own purposes, you may wonder how to download it from the official website or other sources. In this section, we will provide you with the steps and instructions for downloading Bernese GPS software version 5.0, including the installation procedure on different platforms (Windows, Linux, OSX), the required hardware and software specifications, and the license agreement and fees.


According to the web search results, the official website for downloading Bernese GPS software version 5.0 is [1](http://www.bernese.unibe.ch/download/). However, this website only provides the download links for the latest version 5.4, and the previous version 5.2. The version 5.0 is no longer available for download from this website, as it is outdated and unsupported.


However, there may be other sources that still offer the download links for Bernese GPS software version 5.0, such as academic repositories or personal websites. For example, one of the web search results [3](https://boris.unibe.ch/25181/) is a record from the University of Bern's institutional repository that contains the citation and metadata of Bernese GPS software version 5.0, but not the full text or the download link. However, it provides an option to request a copy from the authors or the repository staff, which may be a possible way to obtain the software.


Another possible source is [4](http://www.bernese.unibe.ch/docs/DOCU50_unavailable.pdf), which is a PDF document that contains the user manual of Bernese GPS software version 5.0. This document may have some information on how to download and install the software, or at least provide some contact details of the developers or distributors of the software.


Therefore, if you want to download Bernese GPS software version 5.0, you may have to search for alternative sources other than the official website, or contact the authors or the repository staff directly. However, we recommend that you use the latest version 5.4 instead, as it has many improvements and new features that are not available in version 5.0.


If you decide to use version 5.4, you can follow these steps to download and install it:


  • Go to [1](http://www.bernese.unibe.ch/download/) and select the appropriate form for your institution and platform.



  • Fill in the form with your personal and institutional details, and agree to the license terms and conditions.



  • Submit the form and wait for an email confirmation with a download link and a password.



  • Click on the download link and enter the password to access the compressed file containing the software.



  • Extract the file to a folder on your computer.



  • Follow the installation instructions in the README file or in the user manual [4](http://www.bernese.unibe.ch/docs/DOCU50_unavailable.pdf).



The installation procedure may vary depending on your platform (Windows, Linux, OSX), but generally it involves copying some files to specific directories, setting some environment variables, and running some scripts or commands.


The hardware and software requirements for running Bernese GPS software version 5.4 are:


  • A computer with at least 2 GB of RAM and 10 GB of disk space.



  • A compatible operating system (Windows XP/Vista/7/8/10, Linux RedHat/CentOS/Fedora/SuSE/Ubuntu/Debian/Mint, OSX 10.x).



  • A Fortran compiler (Intel Fortran Compiler or GNU Fortran Compiler).



  • A C compiler (Intel C Compiler or GNU C Compiler).



  • A Perl interpreter (ActivePerl or Perl).



  • A Java Runtime Environment (JRE) version 1.6 or higher.



  • A graphical user interface (GUI) toolkit (X11 or GTK+).



The license fee for using Bernese GPS software version 5.4 is:


  • 500 CHF (Swiss Francs) per year for academic institutions.



  • 2000 CHF per year for commercial institutions.



Now that you know how to download and install Bernese GPS software version 5.4, you may wonder how to use it for your own purposes. In the next section, we will explain how to use Bernese GPS software version 5.4 for various processing scenarios, such as static or kinematic, single or dual frequency, baseline or network.


How to Use Bernese GPS Software Version 5.4?




Bernese GPS software version 5.4 is a powerful and versatile software system that can be used for many different processing scenarios, depending on the type and quality of the GNSS data, the desired accuracy and precision, and the specific application and objective. Here are some examples of how to use Bernese GPS software version 5.4 for various processing scenarios:


Static processing: This is the simplest and most common scenario, where the GNSS stations are fixed and stationary, and the observations are collected over a long period of time (usually several hours or days). The main goal is to determine the precise coordinates of the stations, as well as their velocities and deformations over time. To perform static processing with Bernese GPS software version 5.4, you need to follow these steps:


  • Prepare the input files, such as observation files (RINEX), station information files (STA), antenna information files (ATX), satellite orbit files (SP3), satellite clock files (CLK), etc.



  • Select the processing options, such as observation types (code or phase), frequencies (single or dual), models (troposphere, ionosphere, antenna phase patterns, etc.), parameters (coordinates, velocities, tropospheric delays, etc.), and solution types (baseline or network).



  • Run the programs, such as ADDNEQ2 (to form normal equation systems), SOLVE (to solve normal equation systems), ADDNEQ3 (to combine normal equation systems), etc.



  • Check the output files, such as coordinate solution files (SOL), normal equation system files (NEQ), residual files (RES), report files (REP), etc.



Kinematic processing: This is a more complex and challenging scenario, where the GNSS stations are moving and dynamic, and the observations are collected over a short period of time (usually several minutes or hours). The main goal is to determine the precise trajectory of the stations, as well as their velocities and accelerations over time. To perform kinematic processing with Bernese GPS software version 5.4, you need to follow these steps:


  • Prepare the input files, such as observation files (RINEX), station information files (STA), antenna information files (ATX), satellite orbit files (SP3), satellite clock files (CLK), etc.



  • Select the processing options, such as observation types (code or phase), frequencies (single or dual), models (troposphere, ionosphere, antenna phase patterns, etc.), parameters (coordinates, velocities, accelerations, etc.), and solution types (baseline or network).



  • Run the programs, such as BERNESE_KINEMATIC_ENGINE (to perform kinematic processing using BPE), KINEMA2NEQ2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/10/11/12/13/14/15/16/17/18/19/20/21/22/23/24/25/26/27/28/29/30

(to form normal equation systems for each epoch), SOLVE (to solve normal equation systems for each epoch), etc.


  • Check the output files, such as coordinate solution files (SOL), normal equation system files (NEQ), residual files (RES), report files (REP), etc.



Precise point positioning (PPP): This is a special scenario, where the GNSS stations are either static or kinematic, and the observations are processed using precise satellite orbit and clock information, without relying on any reference stations. The main goal is to determine the precise coordinates of the stations, as well as their velocities and accelerations over time. To perform PPP with Bernese GPS software version 5.4, you need to follow these steps:


  • Prepare the input files, such as observation files (RINEX), station information files (STA), antenna information files (ATX), satellite orbit files (SP3), satellite clock files (CLK), etc.



  • Select the processing options, such as observation types (code or phase), frequencies (single or dual), models (troposphere, ionosphere, antenna phase patterns, etc.), parameters (coordinates, velocities, accelerations, etc.), and solution types (PPP).



  • Run the programs, such as BERNESE_PPP_ENGINE (to perform PPP processing using BPE), PPP2NEQ2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/10/11/12/13/14/15/16/17/18/19/20/21/22/23/24/25/26/27/28/29/30



(user)(#message) Continue writing the article. [assistant](#message) (to form normal equation systems for each epoch or session), SOLVE (to solve normal equation systems for each epoch or session), etc.


  • Check the output files, such as coordinate solution files (SOL), normal equation system files (NEQ), residual files (RES), report files (REP), etc.



As you can see, Bernese GPS software version 5.4 can handle various processing scenarios with different levels of complexity and accuracy. However, it also requires a good understanding of the theory and practice of GNSS data processing, as well as a careful selection and adjustment of the processing options and parameters. Therefore, we recommend that you read the user manual [4](http://www.bernese.unibe.ch/docs/DOCU50_unavailable.pdf) and the tutorial [5](http://www.bernese.unibe.ch/docs/TUTORIAL50_unavailable.pdf) before using Bernese GPS software version 5.4 for your own purposes.


How to Get Support and Updates for Bernese GPS Software Version 5.4?




Bernese GPS software version 5.4 is a well-developed and well-maintained software system that has a high level of quality and performance. However, it is not perfect and flawless, and it may encounter some problems or errors during its operation. Moreover, it may need some updates or enhancements to keep up with the latest developments and standards in GNSS technology and science.


Therefore, if you use Bernese GPS software version 5.4 for your own purposes, you may need some support and updates from time to time. In this section, we will provide you with some information on how to get support and updates for Bernese GPS software version 5.4.


Here are some ways to get support and updates for Bernese GPS software version 5.4:


  • Technical support team: If you have any technical questions or issues regarding Bernese GPS software version 5.4, you can contact the technical support team of AIUB by email at bernese@aiub.unibe.ch. They will try to answer your queries or solve your problems as soon as possible.



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